Following my quick Q&A video on the DLST Facebook and Instagram pages, I had even MORE questions about gender-affirming voice modification. You know I love audience participation, so I’m so happy people are asking great questions and learning more about this service.
Since my video addressed the basics of voice modification, the rest of the questions this week were a bit more specific. Overall, they fell into 3 big umbrellas.
Why is this service offered?
I want you to imagine that you wake up tomorrow and your voice is completely different. It sounds so unlike anything that represents you. Then, I want you to imagine having to go to work with that voice, and make phone calls with that voice, and talk to your family with that voice. It doesn’t sounds pleasant, does it?
For trans folks whose voices don’t match with their identity, it can trigger a whole host of feelings including stress, sadness, overall unhappiness, and anger. It can also trigger dysphoria, which can lead to significant depression. Depression by itself is harmful. There are 700,000 trans folks living in the United States according to the Human Rights Campaign. According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness, “48% of all transgender adults report that they have considered suicide in the past 12 months, compared to 4% of the overall US population.”
Given all of this information, the service is very much needed. If helping people match their voice to their identity helps them avoid dysphoria and feelings of sadness, then LET’S DO THIS.
This kind of sounds like something someone could do on their own. Why don’t people do this instead of coming to you?
There are plenty of people who do do this on their own. They follow YouTube videos or Reddit threads or advice from people in support groups. While this may work for some, the vast majority of trans folks that I have talked to about this modifying their voices come to me after having an unsuccessful journey with this tactic. There are a lot of reasons why this doesn’t work. Each individual voice, body structure, and individual is so unique that skilled therapy is needed to troubleshoot when things aren’t going right or when corrections need to be made. Video tutorials can’t shift treatment based on what’s happening. In therapy, too, we address more than just pitch – we also throw in resonance, intonation, and social communication. I’m not sure how many YouTube videos address those. Plus, speech-language pathologists and vocal coaches have the knowledge to be able to teach people how to modify their voices in a smart, SAFE way.
And safe, I mean we take into consideration things like vocal hygiene. Remember that? We also know when to push people to a comfortable limit and when to say, “HEY, your voice is cracking and your neck is really tense. Let’s try practicing in a safer pitch zone.” I have had a number of people come to me seeking gender affirming voice modification who have attempted to train their voices on their own only to sustain some sort of vocal damage, including significant laryngitis, vocal nodules, and laryngeal pain. Ouch! No one wants that! Trained professionals help to alleviate the hazards associated with modifying voices.
Not all trans folks have modified their voice. Why is that?
This is a tricky question, but one I was asked quite a bit.
Remember how we talked about accessibility of this service? If people don’t have access to voice modification services for whatever reason, then their voices wouldn’t have been modified. Barriers can include cost (insurance doesn’t often cover this service) or lack of providers in the area.
A 2015 article by Adrienne Hancock found in a survey of 279 SLPs, only ”twenty-three percent reported that they were comfortable providing an assessment and 24% were comfortable in providing treatment” in the area of gender-affirming voice modification. Like several other things in the speech world, this is a service that is a highly specialized area that not many people have significant training in. This isn’t super uncommon in the profession. There are several areas in which I would not be comfortable treating, like tracheostomy and ventilator care or premie-baby feeding or instrumentation like a nose scope, because I have no training in that area. However, this makes finding a provider for voice modification very tricky. I ’m guessing that the number of providers has gone up since 2015, but in rural areas (think about northern Michigan, even), it would be hard to find someone. Luckily, teletherapy has been invented, which has increased accessibility! We have great teletherapy providers all over the country, including, very soon, DUNCAN LAKE SPEECH THERAPY! More on that later!
Anyway, accessibility may be a factor in this.
They may want the service and have access to it, but haven’t quite gotten there yet. Transitioning is complicated with a lot of steps and services. Sometimes voice modification is low on the priority list.
Speaking of low on the priority list, for some people, voice isn’t something that they want to work on. Their voice doesn’t trigger any bad feelings or dysphoria. Because of that, voice modification isn’t necessary. Furthermore, gender presentation doesn’t have to be any specific “way.” At the end of the day, as long as the individual is happy, that’s all that matters.
I appreciate all of the questions and curiosity this week, friends. Please continue to do some Googling of your own and learning more about this topic if you’re so inclined. Otherwise, as you know, your friendly, neighborhood speech-language pathologist is here to answer questions.